Tea is a drink known all over the world. People love it and drink it with all meals and between them. Many of us cannot imagine life without this drink and everyone has their favorite type of tea. Black, red, green, fruit tea – each type has a unique taste, aroma and properties. Few of us know that tea, apart from its unusual taste and aromatic qualities, also has medicinal properties, the most important of which are: overcoming constipation, brightening eyesight, cleansing the body or improving memory capacity.
1. History of Tea
Tea is a brew known for five thousand years around the world, prepared from buds and buds of the Camellia sinensis plant, or its variety. Since then, many ways have been developed for leaf processing and the preparation of this drink itself. The tea culture created in many different countries includes not only the brewing method itself, but also the associated label, religion, philosophy, poetry and music, and even ceramics dedicated only to tea.
The work of botanists over the years has resulted in the emergence of new varieties of tea bush, so that at present twenty-three varieties of tea in 380 different varieties are known.
The tea shrub originates from South Asia, more specifically from the region of North India, South China and Burma. As the first advantages of drinking tea, the Chinese noticed and appreciated, and they can boast of the richest and oldest culture associated with it. It reached Europe in the first half of the sixteenth century, and Poland in the first half of the seventeenth century.
2. Tea properties
Tea stimulates thanks to theine, which, unlike caffeine, does not have a negative effect on the heart and circulatory system. This plant also contains theophylline and theobromine, which stimulate and diuretic, as well as mineral salts, purine bases, vitamins K and B2, tannins and essential oil.
Flavonoids, which reduce blood cholesterol, neutralize free radicals and have anti-cancer effects are of particular importance .
To make them appear in a cup, brew tea for at least 2 minutes. Brewing is an extremely important element of drinking tea and allows you to use the various properties of this drink. If we brew tea for less than three minutes, then it will have a stimulating effect, if it lasts for more than five minutes – it will bring relief. Brewed tea for several minutes can irritate the stomach, but at the same time works well on the intestinal mucosa during diarrhea.
The general properties of tea have also been used in the production of cosmetics that have antioxidant, soothing, anti-inflammatory, also protecting against UV rays (thanks to which it slows down skin aging), strengthening, slimming and cleansing.
Tea has also been used in intimate hygiene preparations due to anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and odor neutralization effects.
3. Types of teas
We distinguish black, red, green, turquoise, yellow and white tea. This name also refers to other herbal and fruit infusions, such as yerba mate and rooibos, which are not botanically related to tea, the name tea is used colloquially in this case.
Below are some of the most popular types of tea:
3.1. Black Tea
Widely known, one of the most popular teas. Has astringent, bactericidal and stimulating effect. It helps prevent tooth decay due to the fluoride it contains. In addition, it has other valuable ingredients:
- vitamin C
- vitamin PP,
- vitamin K,
- B vitamins
For the consumption of black tea to bring the desired results, we can not brew it long or drink too often, because it contains the largest amount of theine of all types of teas . It is optimal to drink 2 or 3 cups a day.
We often add a slice of lemon to black tea, but it’s worth knowing that in some cases it can be harmful. First of all, it will happen if we add lemons to the tea just after pouring. Tea leaves contain aluminum – harmless because it is hard to absorb, but when brewed, this metal passes into the drink in small amounts, accumulating in coffee grounds.
However, the situation changes when you add lemon to hot tea during brewing. Aluminum in combination with acid forms an absorbable aluminum citrate, which can be harmful to orgasmism – researchers speculate that it can accumulate in the brain and contribute to Alzheimer’s disease, although this is not yet scientifically proven. However, assuming that these theses are true, it is worth adding a slice of lemon to tea without coffee grounds, and when it has cooled down.
For people who cannot imagine a day without a few hot cups of tea, it is worth proposing to replace black with red or green, which are much healthier.
3.2. Green tea
Green tea is one of the most popular types of tea. It is recommended by many doctors, nutritionists and cosmetologists. According to sources, green tea was used in China as early as 4,000 years ago, and was also used as medicine in Japan, India and Thailand.
Tea has many medicinal propertiesTea has many medicinal properties ( 123rf.com )
There are several types of green tea, and two basic varieties come from China and Japan. Less popular species are the Ceylon variety and Kahwa (originating in Kashmir).
Green tea should be brewed at a temperature of 80 ° C to 90 ° C. The optimal brewing time ranges from 2 to 3 minutes. The lowest brewing temperature should not exceed 60 ° C, and the shortest brewing time should not last less than 30 seconds.
The best-quality leaves are much more efficient and can be brewed 2-3 times. Some also say that green tea brewed for the first time at 90 ° C should be poured, and it should drink only a second brew, because it is purified of toxins and allows to bring out all the healing properties of tea , which include:
- preventing and inhibiting the development of many cancers;
- antibacterial and antiviral effect;
- lowering cholesterol and preventing heart attacks;
- lowering blood pressure;
- anti-stress and anti-ulcer effect;
- prevention of stomach hyperacidity;
- prevention of inhibition of caries development;
- antioxidant activity;
- soothing conjunctivitis (by applying a compress of cool green tea to the eyes).
3.3. Red tea
Not only green tea has healing properties. They also have other varieties of this drink, especially red tea, which has many vitamins and minerals. Chinese red tea has an earthy taste and aroma. Sweetening this tea neutralizes most of its medicinal values, which include:
- fight with excess weight – red tea supports metabolism and facilitates defecation;
- support of liver function, thanks to which it is possible to digest alcohol faster ;
- diuretic effect – recommended for people with kidney problems;
- lowering cholesterol;
- prevention of atherosclerosis;
- pressure reduction;
- improving peripheral and cerebral circulation, which improves the quality of thinking and concentration is
- memory improvement;
- improving mood and fighting light depression;
- general strengthening of the body.
3.4. Yerba mate tea
As for the healing properties of yerba mate, they include:
- strengthening the body’s immunity and improving eyesight thanks to vitamin A contained in tea;
- maintaining a proper nervous state – vitamin B1;
- strengthening hair and preventing eye inflammation thanks to vitamin B2 contained in the drink;
- tooth strengthening and red blood cell count increase – vitamin C ;
- strengthening bones and teeth – large amounts of lime found in tea;
- maintaining the efficiency of the nervous system and body efficiency – high phosphorus content;
- maintaining physical fitness – the presence of iron.
To take advantage of all the healing properties of tea, it should be brewed and stored in an appropriate manner, care for the quality of the water from which it is prepared and served in appropriate vessels.